450 Sulphur Dioxide SO 2 2. KEY BENEFITS. 105 Petane C 5H 12 2. Remark : The properties marked with (*) are tested from sample ID : AL3-1202006307. 3 (the importance of flaring and venting, fugitive emissions, and aPI gravity are explained below. 4 ASTM D 4052 Sulfur, ppm 2. 5°/[secific gravity at 16°C]-131. Every material has its own specific gravity and the value normally varies from 0. API Gravity - The hydrogeneration process used to remove sulfur from fuel does reduce the density of the fuel but, it increases the energy content. Crude oil with low content of sulfur means 'sweet' and the. The Gammon API Gravity Calculator provides users the ability to determine the Corrected API at 60 Deg F for Jet A, Gasoline, and Diesel. AlternativeFuels*Data*Center*–*Fuel*PropertiesComparison*!www. They are typically used to measure density, specific gravity, alcohol, sugars, and API gravity. engine types like Cummins, Detroit Diesel, etc. API 653 Tank Inspections Why Inspect Your Tanks? •Prevent leaks into your secondary containment or to groundwater (if you do not have a secondary containment system) •Establish a baseline of tank condition and corrosion rates. The specific gravity, at 60/60°F, and the density, at 15. API Gravity Input a number in any blank and press the "Calculate" button. com FREE DELIVERY possible on eligible purchases. 840 kg/L – Flash Point: ≥ 52ºC (125. 5 D445, D2161 BTU content * MM BTU/BBL Report Calculated or D240 Heat Value, Net* MM BTU/BBL Report MM BTU/BBL Flash Point PM°F 140 min. Higher API lease condensate is also clear or translucent. 4: This fuel oil is usually a blend of distillate and residual fuel oils, such as No. Diesel fuel is structurally comparable to oils commonly used in heating buildings, which includes No. Proteck Elite motor oils meet all the current API and OEM specifications for passenger car applications. There is a third group known as power boost fluids but these are low volume specialist fuels and are not covered in this section (for more details about power boost fluids such as Methmix, contact Shell Aviation via this web site). How to use a hydrometer for API gravity test for Jet Fuel. The formula is based on the specific gravity (API) for the product and the temperature relative to the 60. 52 Kinematic Viscosity at 100 °F CST 22. 5W-30, and Pennzoil Platinum European Ultra Diesel SAE 5W-30. Viscosity is generally an important parameter for diesel fuel. 60°F/60°F -131. 74 degrees and a sulfur content of 1. It is a light, sweet crude with an API gravity of 38. NOxBLUE OTC UREA Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Refractometer with TruckFaultCodes License. There is a positive, but very loose correlation between. Destroy contaminated, non-chemical resistant footwear. (which is typically used in large diesel engines, particularly for marine applications). Gasoline ~ 60. lower is the API value. Included are the two classifications recognized by ASTM Specification D 3699: No. The API gravities of blends were determined from SG data at 15. It has an agitated liquid bath and overflow pipe to maintain the correct bath level when the hydrometer cylinders are immersed. Distillate Fuel Oil (or API gravity), and its viscosity. LNAPLs, or light non-aqueous phase liquids, are less dense than water. automotive diesel and gas turbine engines. 125 125 distillation, f. Charbeneau3 1 Group Environmental Management 4, Inc. This data is collected so that we can provide an accurate quote or refer you to a Dixon distributor for a quote. PRODUCT TYPICALS. This post will offer a quick look at two important properties- density and specific gravity- and how they affect pump sizing and selection. ASTM D1298-12b(2017), Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www. 3 (the importance of flaring and venting, fugitive emissions, and aPI gravity are explained below. It will save you and your engine money. API Gravity : Weight Conversion Factor (WCF): The Weight Conversion Factor is a factor dependent on the density, for converting volumes to weight in air. The specific gravity (SG) also was defined at 60 F as the density of a fluid at 60 F referred to the density of water at 60 F. or Calculated cetane index is a number representing the ignition properties of diesel fuel oils from API gravity and mid-boiling point, as determined by ASTM D976. Find BOMAG, C. It generally has a low wax content. In the metric system specific gravity is the same as in the English system. The included "hydrometer float" will grade the fuel from 29-51 on the API gravity scale (keyword "API GRAVITY" if you are unfamiliar). 2 oil is stained with a reddish dye and No. Viscosity is generally an important parameter for diesel fuel. Re: conversion of liters to kilograms The first thing you need to know is the specific gravity of the diesel and petrol. phur content require more processing than crude oils with less sulphur. Specific gravity of diesel fuel oil is a comparison of its density with that of pure water. All the genset specifications conform to ISO 8528 standard I Fuel - High Speed Diesel (I-ISD IS 1460 : 2005) I A Considering 0. Density is a fundamental physical property that can be used to determine the quality of petroleum products. 6 degree centigrade. 825 Natural Gas★ - 0. Barite also serves as the principal ore of barium. Specific gravity is also pressure and temperature dependent. 2L Diesel Engine) Portable Battery Booster with Smart Charging Port, Compass, LCD Screen & LED Flashlight (Red): Jump Starters - Amazon. Biomass-Based Diesel. The specific gravity table published by the American Petroleum Institute (API) is a tool for determining the relative density of various types of oil. Compute volume correction factors for petroleum products using the algorithms in the ASTM D 1250-2004 Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards, Chapter 11-Physical Properties Data, Section 1-Temperature and Pressure Volume Correction Factors for Generalized Crude Oils, Refined Products, and Lubricating Oils. There are two significant distinctions between these types of oils. While it has no units of measurement, an oil's rating is expressed as API degrees. Fluid density is the controlling factor in the normal hydrostatic gradient. Engineered to handle the most extreme conditions. Tanker Cargo Calculations - ASTM Tables Usage & Procedure of Calculations Hi, In my recent meetings with a variety of Ship's officers, including some Engineers, who were interested in knowing more of this, I've realized that no training institute actually gives them a complete picture of Tanker cargo calculations. The viscosity range of the initial shipment shall be identified and advance notice shall be required when changing from one viscosity range to another. The higher the API gravity, the lower the density of the petroleum liquid, so light oils have high API gravities. 206 (API 32) pounds per gallon. DIESEL FUEL TESTING KITS. Crude densities are described by their API gravity, measured as an inverse of specific gravity⁽¹⁾. 832 kg/L for the specific gravity of diesel, but the weight. The American Petroleum Institute (API) gravity index of diesel fuel is determined by ASTM Test Method D287-92 (Standard Test Method for API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Products (Hydrometer Method). There are a variety that are used for specific purposes such as: the charge of a car battery, alcoholic content of water-alcohol mixtures, freezing point of radiator fluid in a car, etc. Sulfur content. While an api of 80. Another name for this measurement is specific gravity which refers to the ratio of the density of the fuel versus the density of water. DEF Refractometer - Urea Scale - Urea-Based Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) - MISCO DEF-201 Refractometer Quick Overview The MISCO DEF-201 digital refractometer is the ideal method for testing and monitoring the concentration of urea-based Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF or AdBlue) required by diesel engines equipped with Selective Catalytic Reduction. Specific gravity (sp gr) measures the ratio of density of the substance to the density of water in a given temperature, (i. 7: Concentration Carbons (weight percentage) 9: Sodium (ppm) 10: Vanadium (ppm) 25. (1992) Compressibility Factors for Natural Gas and Other Related Hydrocarbon Gases, American Gas Association (AGA) Transmission Measurement Committee Report No. Specific Gravity & API Gravity. The distillation curve reflects the molecular weight distribution, with higher boiling fractions providing better lubrication, higher cetane – and more deposits. 8 kilogram per cubic meter, i. Specific gravity can be entered for other liquids. 1 "Temperature and Pressure Volume Correction Factors for Generalized Crude Oils, Refined Products, and Lubricating Oils" after 4+ years of work. 5K 760 mm Hg (101. Specific Gravity – With over half of the Kimble Chase hydrometer products falling into this category, this is the most common hydrometer classification. iodiesel is an alternative fuel made from transes‐ terification of vegetable oil. The API of crude oils varies typically between 10 and 50, with most crude oils falling in the range of 20-45. Understanding Specific Gravity. BS EN 590 diesel fuel testing. 1 fuel oil, but with a gravity of about 43 degrees API and a maximum end-point of 625 degrees Fahreneit. When choosing a motor for a centrifugal pump, you must consider the impeller size, maximum capacity, specific gravity of the fluid, and service application in case API requirements apply. subject: ultra low sulfur diesel specifications keywords: ultra low sulfur diesel specifications created date: 4/26/2005 10:53:02 am. The American Petroleum Institute (API) gravity index of diesel fuel is determined by ASTM Test Method D287-92 (Standard Test Method for API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Products (Hydrometer Method). The procedure is fast and employs low cost instrumentation. 972 Nitric Oxide NO 1. m divided by 16. Diesel, Gas Oil, IFO, Bunker Fuel Test Method API GravityASTM D 2878, D 1298, D 4052. 840 kg/L – Flash Point: ≥ 52ºC (125. TM-5-6115-465-12 Generator Set Diesel Engine Driven Tactical Skid Mtd. 1 °API; Medium o i l is defined as having an API gravity between 22. 3 Sulphur WT % 1. SG - API Converter. 3°F) Critical Pressure 8. 4 The term "diesel fuel" is generic; it refers to any fuel for a compression ignition engine. API gravity is an arbitrary scale developed by the American Petroleum Institute. Regular unleaded gasoline weighs around 6. No, simply run the tank as empty as possible before refilling. Thus, direct conversion between the API gravity and specific gravity is possible. Description. The specific gravity is the density of the substance compared to water. ultra low sulfur diesel specifications author: u. If the vehicle is exposed to extreme cold (below 20°F or -7°C), or is required to. The API gravity of crude oil is an indicator of how heavy oil is compared to water. Which of the following fractions of a crude oil will have the maximum gravity API (i. Diesel fuel is more efficient than gasoline because it contains 10% more energy per gallon than gasoline. BlueDEF conforms to the ISO-22241-1 specification for DEF, is API registered and meets or exceeds OEM specifications. As a Certified Power Service Xtreme Diesel Distributor, we are required to do the following: Treat fuel on a year-around basis with diesel additives from Power Service. Diesel fuel concentrations in excess of five percent have been found to cause premature loss of dispersancy, leading to deposits and filter plugging. 738 40˚ API Crude 0. STARFIRE Premium Plus Heavy Duty Diesel Engine Oil is specifically engineered to meet the latest requirements for EGR / EGP engines. ISO 12213-2 (2006) Natural gas - Calculation of compression factor - Part 2: Calculation using molar-composition analysis; Starling, K. ASTM D1298-12b(2017), Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www. All the genset specifications conform to ISO 8528 standard I Fuel - High Speed Diesel (I-ISD IS 1460 : 2005) I A Considering 0. Definition: specific gravity (noun) – the ratio of the density of any substance to the density of some other substance taken as standard, water being the standard for liquids and solids, and hydrogen or air being the standard for gases. Diesel fuel is structurally comparable to oils commonly used in heating buildings, which includes No. This fuel complies with the requirements of Fuels Quality Standards Act 2000fuel standard (diesel) determination 2001 as amended from time to time. Density and Specific Gravity. Crude oil with low content of sulfur means 'sweet' and the. LNAPLs, or light non-aqueous phase liquids, are less dense than water. Carbon Residue: WT Percent Viscosity Pour Point: 33. 2 oil is stained with a reddish dye and No. - Medium Crude has an API gravity between 22. API CJ-4 oils exceed the performance criteria of API CI-4 PLUS, CI-4, CH-4, CG-4, and CF-4 and can effectively lubricate engines calling for those API Service Categories. Price Includes: Sulfur, Cetane, API Gravity, Cloud Point, and Pour Point; 5 FACT B FUEL TEST KIT. Crude densities are described by their API gravity, measured as an inverse of specific gravity⁽¹⁾. Check the executive order for each certified diesel formulation for any additional specifications, i. 000 Nitrogen N 2 0. In other words, it has from 82 to 95 percent the density of water, or specific gravity (relative to water) of 0. The diesel index usually gives values slightly above the cetane number. A common measure of the density of petroleum products in the USA is the API gravity, expressed in degrees API, Equation (5). iodiesel is an alternative fuel made from transes‐ terification of vegetable oil. Degrees API is a common unit in the Oil & Gas business referring to the density of a (usually) hydrocarbon mixture or product, such as gasoline, kerosene, naphtha, diesel, etc. Thus, direct conversion between the API gravity and specific gravity is possible. For example crude oil may have a density (gravity) of 32. Conversely, the higher the API gravity, the lighter the fuel and the poorer the fuel mileage. Residual Saturation: What is it? How is it measured? How should we use it? Mark Adamski1, Victor Kremesec2, Randall J. It's hard to determine, for instance, the weight of a 100 sheet stack of. API gravity, Biodiesel, Blend ratio, Fatty acid methyl esters, Soybean oil, Specific gravity, Used cooking oil. Its physical-properties make it appropriate for asphalt production. become heavier than water once the lighter. 002 of the table, the sample is good. 842 Fuel weight 7. Condensate gravities range between 50° and 70° API. Keywords: API gravity, Biodiesel, Blend ratio, Fatty acid methyl esters, Soybean oil, Specific gravity, Used cooking oil Biodiesel is an alternative fuel made from vegetable oils and animal fats. A says that API gravity is used in computing diesel index Tech. Distillation Measurement at Bio/Diesel Fuel Application ASTM D86 Distilasi pada dasarnya adalah menguapkan cairan dengan cara dipanaskan, kemudian uapnya didinginkan untuk menghasilkan distilat Pengerti. TECHNICAL INFORMATION. If the vehicle is exposed to extreme cold (below 20°F or -7°C), or is required to. 518 Oxygen O 2 1. MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET Diesel Fuel - High Sulfur Page 4 of 11 4 / 11 For more information on precautions to prevent static-initated fire or explosion, see NFPA 77, Recommended Practice on Static Electricity (2007), and API Recommended Practice 2003, Protection Against Ignitions Arising Out of Static, Lightning, and Stray Currents (2008). The specific gravity and viscosity of biodiesel fuels are key properties in determining the suitability for use of such fuels in diesel engines. 972 Nitric Oxide NO 1. Density, Specific Gravity Definition: Density and specific gravity have very similar, but not quite identical definitions. They can be supplied with calibration certificates, or certificates showing traceability to national NAMAS standards. So, 10 kg of water is 10 liters. The "40" is a value - its more complete name would be 40 degrees API. Crude oil with an API gravity greater than 38 degrees is generally considered light crude oil; crude oil with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below is considered heavy crude oil. Consider for example, gasoline with a specific gravity of 0. Density at 15 °C = 840 kg/m 3 (table 54B) Refer to bulletin V-18 for more information on product classes. 1 Diesel Fuel or NATO F-44 - A special-ppp gurpose, light middle distillate fuel for use in diesel engine applications. Gravity: An index of weight of a measured volume of fuel. 531 propylene 0. 518 Oxygen O 2 1. * The fuel weighs approximately 6. Description. The density will be displayed as a specific gravity ratio in the lower text box. 4918 ounce per cubic inch [oz. phur content require more processing than crude oils with less sulphur. 2 diesel fuels were measured as a function of temperature from the onset of crystallization to 100°C. Oxidative instability can occur slowly during long-term storage or be accelerated by warm temperatures, the presence of free water and contaminants. This degradation can lead to high acid number, high viscosity and the formation of gums and sediment (fuel degradation products). * The fuel weighs approximately 6. DOWNSTREAM - Analytical Methods And Techniques Applied To Crude Oil And Petroleum. API Gravity Producers of petroleum products developed this test so the specific gravity of liquids could be expressed in whole numbers. It doesn't matter if its 2D, 3D, 4D or 5D. Customs and Border Protection to conduct the specific test or gauger service requested. In simple words, the specific gravity determines whether the material will sink or float in water. 7% sulfur content = sour •Acidity is measured by Total Acid Number (TAN). 85 times as heavy as an equal volume of water (such as iron is) its specific gravity is 7. 0, use the third or fourth hydrometer from the equipment list. Biodiesel meets both the biomass-based diesel and overall advanced biofuel requirement of the Renewable Fuel Standard. Temperature is very important in relation to api and density. Viscosity is not synonymous with Gravity. DIESEL FUEL TESTING KITS. As a general rule, there is a three to five percent (3-5%). 7°F) Critical Density 0. 0 flash point, f. In other words, it has from 82 to 95 percent the density of water, or specific gravity (relative to water) of 0. After pressing the "Calculate" button the input parameters are rounded according to ASTM 1250 and the density. (which is typically used in large diesel engines, particularly for marine applications). 1 °API; Heavy oi l is defined as having an API gravity below 22. A Comparison of the Properties of Diluted Bitumen Crudes with other Oils. MFA Oil Premium Heavy Duty 15W-40 & 10W-30 engine oils are formulated with Group II base oils and highly advanced additive systems. Customs and Border Protection by calling (202) 344–1060. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. If you know the exact specific gravity of the oil in question, you will get more accurate results. I need some clarifications. 0 flash point, f. , Houston, TX 77079. The diesel index usually gives values slightly above the cetane number. Join the web’s most supportive community of creators and get high-quality tools for hosting, sharing, and streaming videos in gorgeous HD and 4K with no ads. Although density, SG, or API gravity are not included in specifications outlined in the ASTM standards for biodiesel (D 6751), petrodiesel (D 975), or biodiesel/petrodiesel blends. 86 SPECIFIC GRAVITY Important Disclaimer: Conversion Factors are provided as a reference only. advanced diesel engine oil is recommended for use in MIL L 2104-G, MIL L 46152-E, and CID A-A-52306 applications. Because specific gravity is a ratio, it is a unitless quantity. Correct Volumes© - API Gravity & Temperature Correction Tables 5A & 6A - A PC based computer program that corrects crude oil volumes to API Gravity at 60 F. mixing with sediment (several examples) – Oils that are lighter than water initially but. ) Combustion catalysts may be the most vigorously promoted diesel fuel aftermarket additive (see page 81). In converting an API gravity at the observed temperature (API hydrometer indication) to the corresponding API gravity at. API Gravity is the oil industry standard used to determine and classify the density of oil. This post will offer a quick look at two important properties- density and specific gravity- and how they affect pump sizing and selection. Density is the mass of material per unit volume. of crude oil (average) = appr,1,125 cubic meters of natural gas MMSCF Million standard cubic feet CST Centi-Stroke A. To convert an API gravity reading to 60°F, we usually use ASTM Table 5B. A says that API gravity is used in computing diesel index Tech. ASTM D4737 uses API gravity (density) and various temperatures in the boiling range to estimate cetane performance. Texas Crude Oil and Condensates Production by API Gravity Source: EIA, 2018 and EOA, 2018 Most of the Production Additions in Texas are Condensates. Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter1 This standard is issued under the fixed designation D4052; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. If an oils "API Gravity. Greensboro,NCUSA Trucks Date Group No. 035019120458891. Start studying Ch. Prediction of Reid Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Fuels. API gravity is short for American Petroleum Institute gravity, an inverse measure that is used to determine the weight of petroleum liquids in comparison to water. GTP API Gravity Calculator APP With the Gammon API Gravity Calculator, users can determine corrected API (at 60 degrees F) for Jet A, Gasoline, and Diesel fuels. 5° API gravity, and a sulfur content of 5. Method I was to determine SG from the appropriate linear correlation reported in this work and calculate API gravity accordingly. 517 are met as such. The specific gravity value of any given material is going to be the same in the US, Germany or China! (Also, materials with a specific gravity of less than 1 will float on water) The down side is that without units you can't do anything but compare different materials. Winter diesel fuel (also known as winter diesel, alpine diesel, or winterized diesel ) refers to diesel fuel enhanced to prevent it from gelling in cold weather conditions. Fluid Analysis Diesel Fuel Test Kit checks and reports; · Calculated Cetane Index (includes API gravity and distillation). After pressing the “Calculate” button the input parameters are rounded according to ASTM 1250 and the density. 2 Diesel Specific gravity converted to 60°/60°F (15°/15°C) 0. 845 specific gravity of diesel, 5% tolerance $ Considering 0. D93 125 160 115 Pour Point, F D97 -25 Carbon Residue on 10% Bottoms, % D524 0. 60°F/60°F -131. For gasoline and diesel, API gravity influences direct refining emissions because API gravity directly affects the intensity of internal refinery processing for a given HP yield. While it has no units of measurement, an oil's rating is expressed as API degrees. Remark : The properties marked with (*) are tested from sample ID : AL3-1202006307. Free 2-day shipping. It has an agitated liquid bath and overflow pipe to maintain the correct bath level when the hydrometer cylinders are immersed. Biomass-Based Diesel. 184 (API 59) pounds per gallon and premium usually has an API of 56, or 6. The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. NOxBLUE OTC UREA Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Refractometer with TruckFaultCodes License. Altamira is a heavy crude, with a 15. One of the field tests for Diesel Fuel is to measure its specific gravity. Some engines are capable of running either fuel, although with restrictions. Between 69 to 77% of baryte worldwide is used as a weighting agent for drilling fluids in oil and gas exploration to suppress high formation pressures and prevent blowouts. It has an agitated liquid bath and overflow pipe to maintain the correct bath level when the hydrometer cylinders are immersed. Diesel fuel is more efficient than gasoline because it contains 10% more energy per gallon than gasoline. Diesel Fuel Standards EPA’s decades-long effort to reduce criteria pollutants , air toxics and other harmful emissions from diesel fuel used in transportation have resulted in significant health and environmental benefits while advancing technology, and minimizing cost. The two ends of the spectrum are as follows: Light Sweet Crude: less viscous and less dense, with a higher fraction of simple hydrocarbon molecules; light sweet crudes have a high API reading and low sulfur content (less than 0. of Benzine, Diesel and Heating oil with two filling tube systems. Residual Saturation: What is it? How is it measured? How should we use it? Mark Adamski1, Victor Kremesec2, Randall J. Specifications set out in the table apply to all kinds of diesel unless otherwise stated. Condensate gravities range between 50° and 70° API. If you don't want to use Glass Hydrometer Correction uncheck the checkbox. ASTM D287, Standard Test Method for API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Products (Hydrometer Method) is the official ASTM test procedure used by the petroleum industry. There are over 300 different streams of crude oil produced all over the world. 840 kg/L - Flash Point: ≥ 52ºC (125. • The appropriate grades may be used for hypoid rear axles under severe loads • Suitable for service fill of commercial vehicles with rebuilt or out-of-warranty gear or transmission sets. The specific gravity (density compared to water) of petroleum is 0. The API of crude oils varies typically between 10 and 50, with most crude oils falling in the range of 20-45. The diesel index usually gives values slightly above the cetane number. API Gravity of Diesel. ClassicBlue Flame Diesel Engine Oil CHAMPION BRANDS, L. DIESEL GENERATOR SET 3 Pole MCCB 349 (92. Free 2-day shipping. 2A and B show the plot of the API gravity predicted by PLS and SVR against the reference values, respectively. Use Diesel fuel analysis to verify fuel type, cleanliness, water content, and if fuel is within ASTM specifications. 8 kg/m³; at 15. Definitions Petroleum Types: Light oil, also called conventional oil, has an API gravity of at least 22° and a viscosity less than 100 centipoise (cP). SPECIFIC GRAVITY CONVERSION CHARTS ETHYLENE GLYCOL & PROPYLENE GLYCOL The Conversion Charts below are to be used with the PPE Precision Specific Gravity Hydrometer and Beaker. • The appropriate grades may be used for hypoid rear axles under severe loads • Suitable for service fill of commercial vehicles with rebuilt or out-of-warranty gear or transmission sets. com offers 112 specifications d2 diesel products. Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity Accessories. This post will offer a quick look at two important properties- density and specific gravity- and how they affect pump sizing and selection. The limit for a #2 diesel fuel is a Cetane. Specific gravity is the ratio of the mass of a liquid to the mass of an equal volume of distilled water at 64° F which is represented by 1. Search Api Gravity Chart. (b) “Alcohols: A Technical Assessment of Their Application as Motor Fuels,” API Publication No. C RF03 which has a specific gravity of 0. EPA Oil Program Dagmar Schmidt Etkin Environmental Research Consulting. 9 and a sulfur content of 0. In the metric system it is the cubic centimeter; therefore, density is expressed in pounds per cubic foot or in grams per cubic centimeter. The density of oil varies depending on how much refining it has undergone. publication can be ascertained from the API Standards Department, telephone (202) 682-8000. More dense (or "heavier") fuels have a higher energy content than fuels of lower density. naturally aspirated and supercharged engines, including diesel engines utilizing Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) used in tractors, combine harvesters, soil preparation machines, off road equipment and most farm machines where engine oil 15W-40 API CI-4/CF-4/CF is required. About 17% of these are diesel fuel, 14% are crude oil, and 3% are mazut. Find BOMAG, C. Conversion of Plastic Wastes into Fuels 88 Fig. Definition: specific gravity (noun) - the ratio of the density of any substance to the density of some other substance taken as standard, water being the standard for liquids and solids, and hydrogen or air being the standard for gases. Carbon Residue: WT Percent Viscosity Pour Point: 33. The formula to obtain API gravity of petroleum liquids, from specific gravity (SG), is: Direct Measurement of API gravity (Hydrometer method) = This method is detailed in ASTM D287. 1 methanol 0. Those with an API gravity below 40 are regarded as heavy There is an inverse relationship between API gravity and density; the higher the density. Find the specific gravity of gasoline. 11 pound per cubic foot [lb/ft³], or 0. Actually I dont know the exact K factor value, I only know the API gravity values, The API of crude is 44. Refinery inputs look similar: the current average API gravity of of the crude entering American refin­eries is approximately 32. The density of pure water is also 62. Diesel Fuel Tests: Diesel cargo additive treatment. Biomass-Based Diesel. Most fuel suppliers can offer the specific gravity number of a fuel. 0 D93 Flash, PMCC, ºF 125 D445 Viscosity @ 40ºC, cSt 1. Products > Winter Blend Winter Blend and Winter Blend Plus ILFC 1052 & 1051 For Diesel Fuel & Heating Oil Why Winter Blend Products? When temperatures fall the natural paraffins in diesel and heating oil begin to crystallize, causing fuel to gel. See Figure 5 - 33 and Figure 5 - 34. 1 ASTM D 5453, 2622, 7039 Flash Point, ºF 187. 4: This fuel oil is usually a blend of distillate and residual fuel oils, such as No. Chapter 8 Heavy Liquid Fuels. 076 (API 35) pounds per gallon. This means that the volume of a petroleum liquid increases with increasing temperature,. Kramer , Director, Lincoln, Nebraska POWER TAKE-GEE PERFORMANCE Fuel Consumption Temperature Degrees F Crank­ Hp-hr Barometer Hp shaft Gal Lb per Air Aiincher s of. The Gammon API Gravity Calculator provides users the ability to determine the Corrected API at 60 Deg F for Jet A, Gasoline, and Diesel. The bottle is weighed, filled with the liquid whose specific gravity is to be found, and weighed again. This degradation can lead to high acid number, high viscosity and the formation of gums and sediment (fuel degradation products). 084MPa Freezing Point -97. Since this is more than the 10. 52 Kinematic Viscosity at 100 °F CST 22. Gravity @ 60°F °API, Specific 25. Re: Specific gravity of B100? If there were more interest in biodiesel, then the market would respond by producing more, which would likely lower the price. Its physical-properties make it appropriate for asphalt production. Since the specific gravity is 0. 0290MAR019 Marathon Petroleum No. Carbon Residue: WT Percent Viscosity Pour Point: 33. Checking Diesel Fuel for Quality The quality of Diesel Fuel varies. So a reasonable guess would be that typical #2 diesel fuel would have an API gravity of about 35; I'll let you plug that into the above formula to get the specific gravity. Another name for this measurement is specific gravity which refers to the ratio of the density of the fuel versus the density of water. Refinery inputs look similar: the current average API gravity of of the crude entering American refin­eries is approximately 32. Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel (ULSD) testing. API gravity is an arbitrary scale developed by the American Petroleum Institute.